Anxiety Disorders: Types, Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

Anxiety disorders differ from normal feelings of nervousness or anxiousness and involve excessive fear or anxiety.

Do you feel like your anxiety and depression issues are flaring up? Or do you lack enthusiasm for once-fun hobbies or feel disheartened, despondent, restless, or overwhelmed?

If you are experiencing any of these destructive emotions, it’s time to seek the help of a medical professional.

Two of the most prevalent mental health conditions that affect people on a regular basis are anxiety and depression.

Anxiety disorders are thought to impact about 350 million individuals worldwide annually, with 1 in 10 persons at risk of experiencing one at some point.

Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety Disorders

Recognizing the issue is the very first step in addressing anxiety and depression. Knowing symptoms allows you to comprehend them better, prepare ahead of time, and make wise decisions for your future.

Many of us get tangled with differentiating the symptoms of anxiety and depression. But the problem is not with us being unable to do so. In fact, depression and anxiety are like the two sides of a single coin.

“We get anxious when we are depressed, and we become depressed when we are anxious.”

What are Anxiety Disorders?

An individual with anxiety disorders may feel scared or uneasy concerning specific situations and occurrences. Additionally, individuals may notice bodily symptoms like perspiration and a racing heart when faced with anxiety.

But, one crucial factor to recognize is that it’s normal and healthy to feel a little anxious when confronted with any unfamiliar situations or circumstances.

For instance, when you’re facing an interview or attending a test. In reality, our response to these kinds of circumstances encourages us to stay vigilant and make sensible decisions.

An anxiety attack extends beyond the regular uneasiness that one can periodically encounter. When these fear and persisting thoughts continue to grab on everyday events, it turns into a concerning situation as it may impact an individual’s routine tasks, relationships, and health.

The key determinants of prolonged anxiety usually involve:

  • Troubles with sleeping
  • Rapid breathing
  • Sweating
  • Palpitating
  • Experiencing a rapid heartbeat
  • Feeling agitated
  • A feeling of despair
  • Being exhausted
  • Having trouble focusing on anything but the current problem

Why do anxiety disorders occur?

People often tend to refer to anxiety issues as a lack of confidence or self-esteem when reality is something that needs to be tackled with caution, patience, and medical help. Also, they are not caused by personal flaws, emotional weaknesses, or parenting issues.

According to studies, a variety of circumstances can trigger anxiety in the person affected:

  • Genetic: There is a familial tendency for anxiety problems. They could have derived from one or both of their ancestors.
  • External elements: Trauma can spark an anxiety condition, especially in those who are predisposed to it genetically.
  • Chemical instability: Extreme or chronic tension may affect the chemical stability that controls emotions, temper, and mood, which further leads to anxiety disorder.
Types of Anxiety Disorders
Types of Anxiety Disorders Image Credit:

What Are the Types of Anxiety Disorders?

  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD): In an effort to stop or eliminate obsessive thoughts, people frequently conduct repetitive actions like hand hygiene, checking, or  cleansing. However, engaging in these so-called “repetitive behavior” merely reduces anxiety momentarily.
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): Intense and unreasonable stress or tension may be spurred on by GAD, even if there is no justification for it.
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): As suggested by the name, PTSD occurs when a person experiences a traumatic event in which they either sustain major physical trauma or are significantly at risk of doing So.
  • Panic Disorder: Panic disorder is a type of anxiety condition marked by sporadic, intense feelings of dread or fear. •
  • Social Phobia or Social Anxiety Disorder: Extreme self-consciousness and excessive anxiety in normal public encounters are symptoms of social anxiety disorder.

When to consult a doctor

There is no reason to wait if you are apprehensive about anxiety-related symptoms, to talk to the doctor.

Additionally, individuals do not have to experience all of the symptoms of anxiety to discuss them.

Furthermore, you shouldn’t postpone until they intensify or till the time you start to notice additional issues.

Anxiety Disorder Treatment & Medications

Psychotherapy and medication are the two basic therapies for pervasive anxiety disorder. Both the combined treatment might work best together for you.

However, identifying the treatments that work most effectively for you might need some experimentation.

The most successful type of psychotherapy for anxiety disorder has been found with cognitive behavioral therapy.

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